GROWING PRACTICES & TECHNIQUES

SEEDBED PREPERATION & SOWING

 

WATER, NUTRIENT, & CHEMICAL REQUIREMENTS

INCORPORATION TECHNIQUES

BROADCAST SEEDING

  • Seeding rate between 8-12 lbs/ac depending on amount of residue

  • Utilize cheaper dry fertilizer while simultaneously sowing

  • For maximum bio-fumigation potential, 120-150 units of available N are needed.  Apply up to 90 units at seeding.

  • After broadcasting, a pass with a undercutter, packer, harrow, or other tool will be required to ensure better seed to soil contact

WATER USE

  • Shortly after seeding, multiple 1/4" shots of water are required to allow seeds to germinate

  • In season, these bio-fumigant crops can use up to 2" or more per week

  • When these plants are stressed for water, they will bolt and flower early (not what we want)

  • Ensure good soil moisture at incorporation to allow for rapid release of AITC's

FLAIL CHOPPERS & MOWERS

  • Extremely important to macerate plant tissue

  • Glucosinolate and enzyme are found in different parts of cell

  • Shredding thoroughly will allow for higher concentrations of AITC release and improved disease/pest/weed suppression

  • Flails tend to work better than mowers due to better mulching abilities. 

  • Rears MFG makes a pul-flail that can be customized for more blades and higher arbor speeds, allowing for optimal AITC release

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